19世纪末20世纪初:小学英语语法基础习题二

来源:百度文库 编辑:四海新闻网 时间:2019/11/18 17:41:07

A. 用正确的介词填空。

1.  The picture in _on___the  wall.

2.  The computer is ____the desk..

3.  The girls are ____home.

4.  Mary is ____ Bill .

5.  The dog is ____the chair.

6.  The picture is ___ t he chair.

7.  The TV is ___ the sofa.

8.  The cat is ___ the boy and the girl.

B.  看图提问:写出where引导的疑问句。

1. The keys are on the book..

where are the keys?

2. The cat in the suitcase

.where is the cat ?

3. The trees are in the park.

4.Alice is in front of the house.

5. The picture is between the door and the TV.

6.The children are at school.

7.He’s behind the sofa.

8.The mechanic is under the car.

C.  根据所给的单词就地点回答问题

1.man

where is the man ? he is at the office.

2.police officer

3.bird

4.lamp

5.key

D   画出下面提到的事物

1. a bowl on the table

2.flowers in the bowl

3.a picture on the table

4.a lamp on the table

5.a pair of boots under the table

6.a book between the bowl and the lamp

7.a cat behind the chair

8.a person in the chair

          

 

 VOCABULARY

 

Above  boy  front(in the front of) little  sofa

At  car  girl  office  suitcase  behind  child  home  on  under

Between children  in  park  wall  big  door  key  picture  where   book   drawer  lamp seat  where is   bowl

 

 

 

 

7 There be 句型与some any

 

There be句型指某物存在特定的位置上。There is  和单数名词连用。There are和复数名词连用。

  There is a book on the table.

桌子上有一本书

  There are five flowers in the vase.

   花瓶里有五朵花

在问句中,Be动词 is和 are放在 there之前

 Is there a book on the table?桌子上有一本书吗?

   Are there five flowers in the vase?花瓶里有五朵花吗?

There be句型的单数的否定回答可以分为下面两种形式:

No,there isn’t a book on the table.

No ,there’s no book on the table.不,桌子上没有书。

Any 通常用于疑问句和否定句,some 肯定句

Are there five flowers in the vase?

No ,there aren’t flowers in the vase.

花瓶里有一些花吗?不,花瓶里没有任何花。

Are there any plants on the floor?

Yes ,there are some plants on the floor.

 地上有植物吗?是的,有一些植物。

1,  饭厅里有一张桌子。

There is a table in the dining room.

2,  桌子上有四个盘子。

    There are four plates on the table.

3,  桌子上有一些餐巾纸。

    There are some napkins on the table.

4,  桌子上有几把叉子。

There are some forks on the table.

5,  桌子上有几把刀子。

There are some knives on the table.

6,  桌子上有几只汤勺。

There are some spoons on the table .

7,  桌子上有两个香蕉。

There are two bananas on the table.

8,  桌子上有三碗蔬菜。

There are three bowls of vegetables on the table.

9,  桌子上有一个盐料瓶。

There is a salt shaker on the table.

10, 桌子上有一个胡椒瓶。

There is a pepper shaker on the table.

 

 

Practice

A 用所给的词替换句子

EXAMPLE: There is a chair in room.房间里有一把椅子。

There are some cats in the room.房间里有三只猫。

 

There are three chairs in the room.房间里有三把椅子

1,TV.  2,two tables 3,three pictures 4,a window 5,some lamps  6,a sofa

7,some bowls 8,a bird  9,two dogs 10,a fish 11,a computer

 

B,把每个陈述句变成疑问句,并用there’s ,there’s no, there arent’t any的形式做否定回答

1, There ‘s a salt shaker on the table.

Is there a salt on the table?

No ,there’s no salt shaker on the table.

 

2, There are some chairs in the kitchen.

Are there any chairs in the kitchen?

No ,there aren’t any chairs in the kitchen.

3,There are some boys and girls in the park.

 

4,There are some plates on the table.

 

5,There are some vegetables in the bowl.

 

6,There is a fork on the plate .

 

7,There are some napkins on the table .

 

8,There are some pictures on the wall.

 

9,There are some plants on the floor.

 

10,There are some flowers in the vase.

 

11,There is a shirt in the suitcase.

 

12,There are some keys in the drawer.

 

C 用完整的句子回答问题,尽量使用缩写形式。

1,Is there a spoon or a fork on the plate ?

There is a fork on the plate .

2, Are there flowers or bananas in the bowl?

3, Are there plates or napkins on the table?

4,Is there a vase or a pepper shaker on the table?

5, Are there napkins or spoons on the table?

6,Is there a table or a chair in this kitchen?

7,Are there cats or dogs under this table?

8,Is there a plant or a lamp on this desk?

 

 

8               形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词

形容行物主代词位于所修饰的名词之前,根据名词的性,数变化而变化,而不是根据名词本身而变化。

I have my key. I have their key.我有我饿钥匙,我有他们的钥匙。

I have my keys. I have their keys.我有我的这些钥匙,我有他们的这些钥匙。

 用名词性物主代词是为了避免名词的重复。

This key is my key. This is mine.这把钥匙是我的钥匙,这把钥匙是我的。

These keys are my keys. These keys are mine.这些钥匙是我的钥匙,这些钥匙是我的。

单数

复数

主格

形容词性物主代词

名词性物主代词

主格

形容词性物主代词

名词性物主代词

I

my

mine

we

our

ours

you

your

yours

you

your

yours

he

his

his

 

 

 

she

her

hers

they

their

theirs

it

its

its

 

 

 

 

1,  It’s my raincoat, It’s your raincoat.

这是我的雨衣。它是你的雨衣。

2,  Mine is long, yours is short.

我的长你的短。

3,  It ’s his suitcase

这是他的手提箱。

4,  His is big.

他的大。

5,  It ’s her suitcase.

这是她的手提箱。

6,  Hers is little.

她的小。

7,  Where are our hats?

我们的帽子在哪?

8,  They are ours.

它们是我们的。

9,  Where are your CDs?

你们的光盘在哪儿?

10,        They are yours.

它们是你们的。

11,        It ’s their barbecue

这是他们的烤炉。

12,        Theirs is electric

他们的手电的。

 

Practice

A 形容词性物主代词与相应的名词性物主代词替代句子中的斜体部分。

EXAMPLE: They are our hats, they are ours.它们是我们的帽子。它们是我们的。

They are your hats, they are yours.它们是你们的帽子,它们是你们的。

1,my       2,his          3,their    4,her

 

B 回答选择疑问句:先做肯定再做否定回答。

 

1,Is it her CD or yours? It her CD. It isn’t mine.

2,Is it your hat or his?

3,Are they their raincoat or ours?

4,Is it my sandwich or yours?

5,Are they our books or yours?

6,Are they his boots or hers?

7,Is this his milkshake or hers?

8,Is it her key or mine?

9,Are they your bicycle or theirs?

10,          Is it her dish or ours?

11,          Are they their socks or ours?

12,          Is it our barbecue or theirs?

 

 

 

 

C 用Be动词改写句子,并使用正确的名词性物主代词

1, I own the house. The house is mine.

2, John owns the bicycle.

3, Patricia owns the short dress.

4,We own the lamps.

5,Mr.smith owns the long raincoat.

6, The woman owns the big hat.

7,Ana and Jeff own the plants.

8,The boy owns the shoes.

9,You own the barbecue.

10,I own the big bowl.

 

VOCABULARY

Barbecue  hat  long  ours  their  bicycle   her

Milkshake own  theirs  hers  mine  raincoat  your  CD  dish  his  my  sandwich  yours  electric  its  our  short 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9                不定冠词A  and  An

不定冠词a,an用来修饰单数可数名词

a pear一个梨    pears 一些梨   an apple 一个苹果    apples一些苹果

不定冠词a用于以辅音开头的名词前:

不定冠词an用于以元音节开头的名词前:

定冠词the用于特指某一名词,与单复数没有关系。

 

1,  This is an office.

这是一间办公室。

2,  This is an envelope.

这是一个信封。

3,  This is an inch.

这是一英寸。

4,  This is an airplane.

这是一架飞机。

5,  This is an umbrella.

这是一把伞。

6,  This is an earring.

这是一个耳环。

7,  This is an orange.

这是一个桔子。

8,  This is an egg.

这是一个鸡蛋。

9,  This is an arm.

这是一支胳膊。

10,              This is an eye.

这是一只眼睛。

11,              This is an ear.

这是一只耳朵。

12,              This is an elephant.

这是一头大象

Practice

A用不定冠词a,an填空

1          This is _an___ airplane.

2          This is___a___ radio.

3          This is______ earring.

4          This is______ orange.

5          This is______ pear.

6          This is______ elephant.

7          This is______ ear.

8          This is______ arm.

9          This is______ egg.

10      This is______ television.

11      This is______ desk.

12      This is______ office.

13      This is______ envelop.

14      This is______ umbrella.

15      This is______ inch.

16      his is______ computer.

B,不定冠词a,an和所修饰的名词填空。

1          This is_a table.

2          This is an orage.

3          This is   

4          This is    

5          This is     

6          This is     

7          This is    

8          This is     

9          This is     

10     This is    

11     This is     

12     This is     

C用所给的单词替换句子

EXAMPLE:

This is a book .这是一本书。

This is an eye.这是一只眼睛。

This is a house.这是一幢房子。

1,chair

2,arm

3,ear

4,orange

5,earring

6,TV

7,Egg

8,Envelop

9,Inch

10,              Office

11,              School

12,              Apple

13,              Shoe

14,              Elephant

15,              Radio

16,              Umbrella

 

VOCABULARY

Airplane   arm     egg  inch television an

Ear envelope orange umbrella apple earring eye pear

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10名词复数

名词复数的构成

1.      名词后面加s.

one book 一本书  two books 两本书

one calculator 一个计算器

two calculators 两个计算器

2,以s sh ch or x 结尾的名词后加es.

One box一个盒子  two boxes 两个盒子

One bus 一辆公共汽车

Two buses 两辆公共汽车

3,以辅音字母加y结尾的名词。去掉y加ies.

One fly 一只苍蝇

Two flies 两只苍蝇

One dictionary一本词典

Two dictionaries两本词典

4,一些名词复数由特殊形式构成。

One tooth 一颗牙

Two teeth 两颗牙

One foot 一只脚

Two feet两只脚

One man 一个男人

Two women两个男人

One child一个小孩

Two children 两个小孩

One person 一个人

Two people两个人

 1, What’ this? It ‘s lamp

这是什么?这是一盏台灯。

2, What are these? They are lamps

这些是什么?它们是台灯。

3, What’ this? It ‘s glass.

这是什么?它是一个杯子。

4,  What are these? They are glasses.

这些是什么?它们是杯子

5,  What’ this? It ‘s button.

这是什么?它是扣子。

6,What are these? They are buttons.

这些是什么?它们是扣子。

7,What’ this? It ‘s watch.

这是什么?它是手表。

8,What are these? They are watches.

这些是什么?它们是手表。

9,What’ this? It ‘s a bird.

这是什么?它是一只鸟。

10,What are these? They are

这些是什么?它们是鸟。

 

 

Practice

A用完整的句子回答问题,尽量用缩写。

1          What are these? They are boxes

2          What are these? They are buttons.

3          What are these?

4         

 

What are these?

5          What are these?

6          What are these?

7          What are these?

8          What are these?

9          What are these?

10      What are these?

11      What are these?

12      What are these?

13      What are these?

14      What are these?

15      What are these?

16      What are these?

 

 

B.用正确的复数形式填空

1          They are envelop.

2          They are         

3          They are         

4          They are         

5          They are         

6          They are         

7          They are         

8          They are         

9          They are         

10      They are         

vocabulary

box bus button dictionary fly

foot glass one these tooth

watch

 

 

11指示代词

指示代词this(单) these(复)指代近处的物体。

指示代词this(单) these(复)指代远处的物体。

That’ 是that is 的缩写。

1,This is a door, That’s a window.

这是一扇门,那是一扇窗。

2,This is a refrigerator. That’s a stove.

这是一台冰箱,那是一个炉子。

3,This is a car. That’s a boat.

这是一台小汽车,那是一艘船。

4,This is a stamp. That’s an envelop.

这是一张邮票。那是一个信封。

5,This is a letter. That’s a mailbox.

这是一封信,那是一个邮箱。

6, These are doors, those are windows.

 这些是门,那些是窗。

7, These are refrigerators. those are stoves.

 这些是冰箱,那些是炉子。

8, These are cars, those are boats.

 这些是小汽车,那些是船。

9, These are stamps. those are envelops.

 这些是邮票,那些是信封。

10, These are letters, those are mailboses.

 这些是信,那些是邮箱。

 

Practice

A 把句子变成复数形式。

1,This is a horse.

  These are horse.

2, That’s a chalkboard.

 Those are chalkboards.

3, That’s a letter.

4, This is a stamp.

5, This is a boat.

6, That’s a refrigerator.

7, That’s a envelop.

8, That’s a watch.

9, This is a window.

10, That’s a fly.

11, This is a door.

12,That’s a car.

13,That’s an umbrella.

14,This is a child.

15,This is a mailbox.

16,That’s an island.