福克斯外汇:小学英语语法基础习题三

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Practice:
B:用“Is this” 或 “Are these”完成问句,用“It’s”或“They’re”回答问题。
1.  Is this an apple or a pear? It’s a pear.
2.           a desk or a chalkboard?                     .
3.           dogs or horses?                          .
4.           a boat or a car?                          .
5.           dresses or coats?                       .
C:用“Is that”或“Are that”完成问句,用“It’s”或“They’re”回答问题。
1.       Is that a skirt or a pair of pants? It’s a skirt.
2.                 calculators or computers?                     .
3.                 an elephant or a horse?                       .
4.                 a bird or an airplane?                        .
5.                 cars or buses?                              .
VOCABULARY:
boat  island  letter  mailbox  refrigerator  stamp  stove   that
that’s those
12. 基数词和序数词
基数词用来数数,通常用来回答由疑问词“How many”提出的问题。
基数词
0 zero 零        10 ten        十         20 twenty           二十
1 one  一        11 eleven     十一       21 twenty- one       二十一
2 two  二        12 twelve     十二       22 twenty- two      二十二
3 three 三        13 thirteen    十三       23 twenty- three     二十三
4 four  四        14fourteen    十四       24 twenty-four      二十四
5 five  五        15 fifteen       十五     25 twenty- five       二十五
6 six    六      16 sixteen       十六     26 twenty- six        二十六
7 seven  七       17 seventeen    十七     27 twenty- seven     二十七
8 eight   八      18 eighteen      十八     28 twenty- eight      二十八
9 nine    九      19 nineteen      十九     29 twenty- nine      二十九
30 thirty      三十          101 one hundred one         一百零一
31 thirty- one   三十一         102 one hundred two       一百零二
40 forty       四十          200 two hundred            二百
41 forty- one    四十一         201 two hundred one      二百零一
50 fifty        五十          300 three hundred           三百
60 sixty        六十          400 four hundred           四百
70 seventy     七十               500 five hundred         五百
80 eighty      八十               1000 one thousand        一千
90 ninety       九十              1001 one thousand one     一千零一
100 one hundred  一百             2000 two thousand        两千
“加”的表达法:
Two plus three is five.{is ,equals }      2+3=5
二加三等于五。
Five plus six is eleven.                 5+6=11
五加六等于十一。
“减”的表达法:
Seven minus four is three.             7- 4=3
七减四等于三。
Nine minus five is four.               9 -5=4
九减五等于四。
“乘”的表达法
Two times eight is sixteen.           2*8=16
二乘以八等于十六。
Four times seven is twenty – eighty.    4*7=28
四乘以七等于二十八。
“除”的表达法:
Eight divided by four is two.          8/4=2
八除以四等于二。
Twenty divided by two is ten.         20/2=10
二十除以二等于十。
序数词
序数词如:first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth                                        用来表示事物的位置与顺序。
This is my first English class.这是我的第一堂英语课。
I live on the twelfth floor.  我住在十二楼。
Practice:
A.     用正确的数词填空并大声朗读句子。
1.  There are three dogs.
2.  There are           earrings.
3.  There are           movie star.
4.  There are           bananas.
5.  There are            bananas.
6.  There are             cars.
7.  There are           floors.
8.  There are          books.
B.      用正确的序数词完成句子。
1.       Lucy is in the first seat.
2.       Bill is in the         seat.
3.       Fred is in the         seat.
4.       Alice is in the           seat.
5.       Jack is in the           seat.
6.       Susan is in the            seat.
7.       Nobody is in the          seat.
8.       Judy is in the              seat.
VOCABULARY:
add        equal        hundred      seven       ten       twelve
divide      fifteen       minus        seventeen   tenth      twenty
eight       fifth         nine         seventh     third       zero
eighteen    fifty         nineteen      seventy     thirteen
eighth      first         ninety        six         thirty
eighty      forty         ninth        sixteen      thousand
eleven      fourteen      plus         sixth        times
eleventh    fourth        second       sixty        twelfth
13. 表示时间 ;金钱
1.What time is it by this clock?  It’s four o’clock.
表上的时间是几点?是四点。
2. What time is it now? It’s ten after three.
现在几点?三点十分。
3 What time is it now? It’s a quarter after three. OR It’s three fifteen.
现在几点?三点十五分。
4.What time is it now? It’s half past three. OR It’s three thirty.
现在几点?三点半或三点三十分。
5. What time is it now? It’s twenty to four. OR It’s three forty.
现在几点?差二十分四点或是三点四十分。
6. What time is it now? It’s a quarter to four. OR It’s three forty- five.
现在几点?差十五分四点或是三点四十五。
7. What time is it? Its 7 A.M
几点了?上午七点。
8. What time is it? It’s 10 P.M.
几点了?晚上十点.
9. Dollars are usually made of paper.
美元通常是纸做的。
10. Cents are metal coins.
分币是金属硬币。
11. A penny is worth one cent.
一便士值一美分。
12. A nickel is worth five cents.
一镍币值五美分。
13. A dime is worth ten cents.
一角硬币值十美分。
14. A quarter is worth twenty-five cents.
二角五分硬币值二十五分。
15. A half-dollar is worth fifty cents.
半美元值五十美分。
16. There is also a dollar coin.
也有一美元硬币。
Practice:
A.      What time is it?
B.      How much is it?
C.      用完整的句子回答问题。
1.  How much is a nickel worth?
2.  What is the name of the ten-cent coin?
3.  How much is a penny worth?
4.  What is the name of the twenty-five-cent coin?
5.  Which coin is worth fifty cents?
6.  What are dollars usually made of?
7.  How many cents are there in a dollar?
8.  Here are five different coins. What are their names?
9.  What time is it now?
10.           What time is your English class?
11.          What time is your favorite TV program?
12.          What time is lunch?
VOCABULARY:
after      dollar       money       P.M.
A.M.     favorite      nickel       program
cent      half         o’clock      quarter
class      lunch       P.M.         time
clock     made of     paper         worth
coin      metal       past
dime     midnight     penny
14.形容词
形容词用来修饰和描述名词,并且通常放在名词之前。
a big box                   a little box
一个大盒子               一个小盒子
无论是修饰单数名词还是修饰复数名词,形容词的形式都是一样的。
an old car       一辆老式汽车
two old cars     两辆老式汽车
形容词也可以放在be动词之后做表语,用来叙述和说明主语。
The car is new.              The cars are new.
这辆小汽车是新的。       这些小汽车是新的。
1.       This is a tall person.          这是一个高个子的人。
2.       This is a short person.         这是一个矮个子的人。
3.       This is a full glass.           这是一个装满水的杯子。
4.       This is a empty glass.         这是一个空杯子。
5.       That’s a white cat.            那是一只白猫。
6.       That’s a black cat.            那是一只黑猫。
7.       This window is open.         这扇窗户是开着的。
8.       This window is closed.        这扇窗户是关着的。
9.       This umbrella is wet.          这把雨伞湿漉漉的。
10.   This umbrella is dry.          这把雨伞干爽。
Practice:
A.     用最能说明图片的形容词填空。
1. These are full glasses.
2. That’s an     shirt.
3. This is a          umbrella.
4. This is a          car.
5. Those are        trees.
6. That’s an        glass.
7. This a           dog.
8. Those are          socks.
B.      用下列短语造句,把形容词放在be动词之后。
1. that long skirt      That skirt is long.
2. the white flowers    The flowers are white.
3. the closed envelopes
4. the big TV
5. this little fly
6. those wet people
7. these hungry children
8. this thirsty dog
VOCABULARY:
black  closed  dry  empty  full  hungry  new  old  open
tall thirty  wet  white
15.名词所有格
单数名词和专有名词所有格的构成是词后加“s”.
Mr. Smith’s telephone is old.         史密斯先生的电话是旧的。
The accountant’s telephone is new.    会计的电话是新的。
以s 结尾的复数名词的所有格的构成是s 后加’
The boys’ shirts are white. 男孩们的衬衫是白色的。
The girls’ shirts are black. 女孩们的衬衫是黑色的。
后面不以s 结尾的不规则复数名词的所有格的构成是在名词后加’s
The children’s coats are short.孩子们的外套是短的。
The women’s coats are long. 女士们的外套是长的。
用疑问词 Whose 对所有格进行提问。
Whose drink is that? 那是谁的饮料?
It’s Jim’s drink.     是吉姆的饮料。
1.  Bill’s shoes are dirty.          比尔的鞋脏。
2.  Sam’s shoes are clean.         萨姆的鞋干净。
3.  Sarah’s car is fast.             莎拉开的车快。
4.  Rick’s car is slow.             里克开的车慢。
5.  The rabbits’ ears are long.       兔子的耳朵长。
6.  The cats’ ears are short.         猫的耳朵短。
7.  The children’s drinks are cold.    孩子们的饮料是凉的。
8.  The men’s drinks are hot.        男人们的饮料是热的。
9.  Mr. Wilson’s books are heavy.     威尔逊先生搬的书重。
10.              Mrs. Green’s books are light. 各林太太拿的书轻。
Practice:
A.      用名词所有格及所给词替换句子。
EXAMPLE:Mary’s books are on the desk..  (the boys)
The boys’ books are on the desk.
1. the children    4. Henry         7. Jane and Joe
2. Mrs. Wilson    5. the girl        8. the students
3. the lawyer      6. the girls
B.用完整的句子回答问题。
1.Whose dog is big?       (the girl , the woman)
The girl’s dog is big.
Whose dog is little?
The woman’s dog is little.
2. Whose boots are clean?    (Anne, Judy)
Whose boots are dirty?
3. Whose bicycles are fast?    (the men , the women)
Whose bicycles are slow?
4. Whose tail is long?        (the rabbit,  the cat)
Whose tail is short?
5.       Whose suitcase is heavy?    (Patty, Tim)
Whose suitcase is light?
6.  Whose television is old?      (Mr. Smith, Mr. Wilson)
Whose television is new?
7.  Whose desk is small?         (the teacher ,the student)
Whose desk is big?
clean  cold   dirty  drink  fast  heavy  hot  light  slow
tail   telephone  whose
VOCABULARY:
16.REVIEW 复习
A.把动词由单数变为复数,其他成分做相应变化。
1.There is a key in the drawer.
There are keys in the drawer.
2.        This is a computer.
3.        The child isn’t hungry.
4.        That’s a fly.
5.        It’s a black horse.
6.        Is this dish clean?
7.        Is there an apple in the bowl?
8.        This is Jane’s book.
9.        Is the glass on the table?
10.    I’m not thirsty.
B.把陈述句变为疑问句,并做否定回答。
1.The plate is between the napkin and the spoon.
Is the plate between the napkin and the spoon?
No, the plate isn’t between the napkin and the spoon.
2. This is a full plate.
3. There is a banana in the bowl.
4. Her suitcases are heavy.
5. There are some napkins in the drawer.
6. These cars are new.
7. The umbrella is wet.
8. His coat is on the chair.
C. 用完整句子回答问题。
1. Where’s the computer programmer?
She’s between the artist and the dancer.
2. Where are the children?
3. What’s this?
4. Are the boots clean?
5. What time is it?
6. Is the man in front of the chair?
7. Where are the birds?
8. Is the computer between the lamp and a calculator?
D.用线把左边的每个单词和右边的相应名词所有格连上,然后用每一组造句。
Judy’s                   mine
your                     yours
Bob’s                    his
my                      hers
her                      ours
our                      theirs
Mary and Sam’s            hers
EXAMPLE: This is Judy’s car. This is hers.
17.一般现在时——肯定句
一般现在时用来表示客观存在的事实和经常发生的行为。
Jack likes apples.杰克喜欢吃苹果。
一般现在时经常与表示时间和频率的短语连用。
Jack often walks to school.        杰克经常走着上学。
TO WALK
单数
复数
第一人称
第二人称
第三人称
I  walk
we  walk
you  walk
you  walk
he
she  walks
it
they  walk
He often walks to school in the morning. 早上,他经常走着上学。
除了第三人称单数以外没,所有一般现在时的构成都是相同的。当动词以辅音或以 e 结尾时,第三人称单数加“s”
He drinks coffee every morning. 他每天早晨喝咖啡。
She likes vanilla ice cream.      她喜欢吃香草冰淇淋。
其他以元音(a, i, o, u)结尾或以ch, sh, s, x,或z结尾的动词加“es”
Kathy goes to work every day.           凯西每天去上班。
Rich does some homework every morning. 瑞兹每天早上写作业。
Sally watches television every night.      萨莉天天晚上看电视。
1.  You eat breakfast every morning.    你每天早上都吃早餐。
2.  I walk to school every morning.     我每天早上都走者上学。
3.  He takes a bus to the office every day. 他每天乘公共汽车去办公室。
4.  She usually takes a subway to the office.他经常乘地铁去办公室。
5.  We often walk to work.           我们常步行去上班。
6.  You and Rosa always walk to school. 你和罗丝总是步行去上学。
7.  They always take a train to the city.  他们常乘火车去那个城市。
8.  Ray goes to work every day.       雷每天都去上班。
9.  I have a new car.                我有一辆新车。
10.              He has an old car.          他有一辆旧车。
Practice
A.     替换句中的主语。
EXAMPLE:I usually walk to the store. (he)
He usually walks to the store.
1.you               5. he                 9. Jenny and I
2 you and Peggy      6. they               10.Fran
3. she               7. Andy and Rich      11. my friend and I
4. we               8. that girl             12. the children
B.按练习A中列出的词语顺序替换下列句子的主语。
EXAMPLE:I always drink coffee in the morning. (he)
He always drinks coffee in the morning.
C 。按练习A中列出的词语顺序替换下列句子的主语
EXAMPLE: I go to the city every day. (he)
He goes to the city every day.
D.按练习A中列出的词语顺序替换下列句子的主语。
EXAMPLE:I have some keys.   (he)
He has some keys.
E 括号里动词的正确形式填空。
1.I walk home every day. (walk)
2. Leland always        to restaurants.  (go)
3. Tom usually           the mail on the desk. ( put )
4. She          the newspaper every day. ( read )
5. I often         to the movies.(go)
6. I           homework every evening. (do )
7. Ann always         taxis. (take)
8. We          a bus to school in the morning.
9. Richard and I       in New York. (live )
10. Bob usually         breakfast. (eat)
11. Carol         television every evening. (watch )
12. They           animals. (like )
13. You always         good books. (read)
14. They          e-mail every evening. (send )
15. John           new shoes. (have )
VOCABULARY:
always   city   do   e-mail   go   ice-cream   mail   New York   put   send  take   usually    watch   animal  coffee  drink  evening  have  like  morning  night   read   store   taxi   vanilla   work   breakfast   day   eat   every  homework   live   movies    often  restaurant  subway  train  walk
18.一般现在时——否定句
否定句
完整形式
缩写式
单数
复数
单数
复数
第一人称
第二人称
第三人称
I do no walk
we do not walk
I don’t walk
we don’t walk
you do not walk
you do not walk
you don’t walk
you don’t walk
he
she  does not walk
it
they do not walk
he
she  doesn’t walk
it
they don’t walk
一般现在时的否定形式是把“do not ”或“does not”放在动词之前。
在否定句中,第三人称单数动词不加“s”
He walks.他散步。                   He doesn’t walk. 他不散步。
1.I don’t walk to school. I run..
我不步行去学校。我跑着去。
2. You don’t take the bus to work. You drive.
你不乘车上班。你开车去。
3. Dike doesn’t often go to the movies. He prefers the theater.
迪克不常去看电影。他更喜欢看戏剧
4. Laura doesn’t work in an office. She works in a factor
劳拉不在办公室上班。他在工厂上班。
5. The cat doesn’t like dogs. It likes mice.
猫不喜欢狗,它喜欢老鼠。
6. Nick and I usually don’t travel by train. We travel by plane.
我和尼克不常乘火车旅行。我们乘飞机去旅行。
7         You and Maggie don’t eat lunch at one o’clock.
你和麦其不在一点吃午餐。你们俩在中午吃午餐。
You both eat lunch at noon.
8         Norma and David usually don’t eat dinner at home. They eat in a restaurant.  诺玛和戴维经常不在家吃晚餐。他们在餐馆吃。
Practice:
A.     替换句子主语。
EXAMPLE:We don’t live in New York. (George)
George doesn’t live in New York.
1.Joan and I          5. I              9. they
2. Pete               6.Barbara        10. you and Sid
3. Lee and Amy        7. you two        11. you and I
4. you               8.Mrs. Faro        12. she
B.用缩写形式,把陈述句变成否定句。
1.I go to work by car . I don’t go to work by car.
2. We walk to walk.
3. You like the movies.
4. You two go to the factory every day.
5. Lee eats lunch at two o’clock.
6. They often go to the theater.
7. Barbara works in the evening.
8. We usually like to travel by plane.
9. Mr. Crane works in a restaurant.
10. I eat breakfast in the morning.
C.对每个选择疑问句,做肯定和否定回答。
1.Do you go to work by bus or by train?
I go to work by train.
I don’t go to work by bus.
2. Does Pete take the bus to work or does he walk?
3. Do you both usually go to the movies or to the theater?
4. Do they travel by train or by plane?
5. Do these people like chocolate or vanilla ice cream?
6. Does she like pears or oranges?
7. Do you have lunch at home or in a restaurant?
8. Does ha put the mail on the desk or in the drawer?
9. Do Liz and Gary have a new suitcase or an old suitcase?
10. Do the students go to school by subway or by bus?
11. Does the child prefer cats or mice?
12. Does she eat lunch at one or two o’clock?
13. Does he read a newspaper or a book in the morning?
14. Do the children have bicycles or cars?
VOCABULARY:
both  by  chocolate  dinner   factory  mouse  noon   plane
prefer  run  theater  travel
.
19.一般现在时——疑问句
一般现在疑问句的形式是将助动词do, does放在主语之前。
疑问句
单数
复数
第一人称
第二人称
第三人称
Do I speak English?
回答问题,先用   或   做简短回答,然后做具体回答。
Question: Do you like animals? 你喜欢动物吗?
Answer: 肯定回答  Yes, I do. OR Yes, I like animals.
是的,我喜欢。或 是的,我喜欢动物。
否定回答  No, I don’t. OR No, I don’t like animals.
不,我不喜欢。或 不,我不喜欢动物。
1.  Do you know Charles? Yes, I do.你认识查理吗?是的,我认识。
2.  Does Lisa have a DVD player? Yes, she does. 丽莎有DVD机吗?是的,她有。
3.  Do we speak English at school? Yes, you do. 我们在学校说英语吗?是的,你们说。
4.  Does the store sell fresh vegetables? No, it doesn’t.商店卖新鲜蔬菜吗?不,不卖。
5.  Do you drink milk? No, I don’t.你喝牛奶吗?不,我不喝。
6.  Do you eat eggs? Yes, I do. 你吃鸡蛋吗?是的,我吃。
7.  Do the children want any cookies? Yes, they do.孩子们想吃点饼干吗?是的,他们想。
8.  Does Big Joe like meat? No, he doesn’t. 大乔喜欢吃肉吗?不,他不喜欢。
9.  Do you and Ronnie eat fish? Yes, we do. 你和罗泥吃鱼吗?是的,我们吃。
10.              Do they cook at home? Yes, they do. 他们在家做饭吗?是的,他们做。
Practice:
A.     替换疑问句的主语。
EXAMPLE:Do you watch television every evening? ( I )
Do I watch television every evening?
1. the girl           5. they                9. she
2. Elaine            6.he                  10.you
3. Helen and Jenny    7.Rob and I            11.Mr. and Mrs. Green
4. Linda             8. we                 12. you and David
B.      把陈述句变成疑问句,然后用do, does 做简短回答。
1.       She goes to school. Does she go to school? Yes, she does.
2.       They live in this house.
3.       Joe has a new shirt.
4.       Sue knows Lee.
5.       They have a big dinner every evening.
6.       He speaks English.
7.       Carol takes a bus to work.
8.       They eat breakfast.
9.       She likes milk.
10.   We have a DVD player.
C.      用完整句子回答问题,尽量用缩写式。
1.  Do you and Jane like animals? No, we don’t like animals.
2.  Do they speak English at home?
3.  Is she in school now?
4.  Do you eat lunch at noon?
5.  Does Helen have a new car?
6.  Do they want any cookies?
VOCABULARY:
cook            know          sell
cookie           meat          speak
fresh            milk           want